I wonder, What the fuck is the government doing ? Why should the government let the NGO comes into light ? why the fuck do they not feel ashamed about seeing these people who are doing the job that the government is supposed to do ? why the fuck i pay tax to the government ? why the fuck i have to do a charity or feel guilty if don’t do a charity ? anyways …its a fucking human who run show and this is what you get… fucker !
A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a legally constituted organization created by natural or legal persons that operates independently from any government. In the cases in which NGOs are funded totally or partially by governments, the NGO maintains its non-governmental status by excluding government representatives from membership in the organization. The term is usually applied only to organizations that pursue some wider social aim that has political aspects, but that are not overtly political organizations such as political parties. Unlike the term “intergovernmental organization”, the term “non-governmental organization” has no generally agreed legal definition. In many jurisdictions, these types of organization are called “civil society organizations” or referred to by other names.
The number of internationally operating NGOs is estimated at ,. National numbers are even higher: Russia has , NGOs; India is estimated to have around – million NGOs.
International non-governmental organizations have a history dating back to at least . Rotary, later Rotary International, was founded in . It has been estimated that by there were NGOs. International NGOs were important in the anti-slavery movement and the movement for women’s suffrage, and reached a peak at the time of the World Disarmament Conference. However, the phrase “non-governmental organization” only came into popular use with the establishment of the United Nations Organization in with provisions in Article of Chapter of the United Nations Charter for a consultative role for organizations which are neither governments nor member states—see Consultative Status. The definition of “international NGO” (INGO) is first given in resolution (X) of ECOSOC on February , : it is defined as “any international organization that is not founded by an international treaty”. The vital role of NGOs and other “major groups” in sustainable development was recognized in Chapter of Agenda , leading to intense arrangements for a consultative relationship between the United Nations and non-governmental organizations.
Rapid development of the non-governmental sector occurred in western countries as a result of the processes of restructurization of the welfare state. Further globalization of that process occurred after the fall of the communist system and was an important part of the Washington consensus .
Globalization during the th century gave rise to the importance of NGOs. Many problems could not be solved within a nation. International treaties and international organizations such as the World Trade Organization were perceived as being too centred on the interests of capitalist enterprises. Some argued that in an attempt to counterbalance this trend, NGOs have developed to emphasize humanitarian issues, developmental aid and sustainable development. A prominent example of this is the World Social Forum which is a rival convention to the World Economic Forum held annually in January in Davos, Switzerland. The fifth World Social Forum in Porto Alegre, Brazil, in January was attended by representatives from more than , NGOs.citation needed Some have argued that in forums like these, NGOs take the place of what should belong to popular movements of the poor. Others argue that NGOs are often imperialist in nature, that they sometimes operate in a racialized manner in dominant countries, and that they fulfil a similar function to that of the clergy during the high colonial era. The philosopher Peter Hallward argues that they are an aristocratic form of politics. Whatever the case, NGO transnational networking is now extensive.
edit Types of NGOs
NGO type can be understood by their orientation and level of co-operation.
NGO type by orientation
- Charitable orientation;
- Service orientation;
- Participatory orientation;
- Empowering orientation;
- NGO type by level of co-operation
- Community- Based Organisation;
- City Wide Organisation;
- National NGOs;
- International NGOs;